A direct link to new sources for Europe -
The Eastern Mediterranean (EastMed) pipeline project relates to an offshore/onshore natural gas pipeline, directly connecting East Mediterranean resources to Greece via Cyprus and Crete that could: i) enhance Europe’s gas security of supply via diversification of counterparts, routes and sources; ii) develop EU indigenous resources such as the offshore gas reserves around Cyprus and Greece; and iii) promote the development of a South Mediterranean Gas Hub.
The project is being currently designed to transport up to 16 Bcm/y (billion cubic meters of gas per year) from the off-shore gas reserves in the Levantine Basin (Cyprus and Israel) as well as from the potential gas reserves in Greece. The pipeline, in conjunction with the Poseidon and IGB pipelines, could supply gas to Italy and other South East European countries.
The route +
The EastMed project current design envisages a 1.300 km offshore pipeline with various diameters (24÷32 inch) and a 600 km onshore pipeline (42 inch diameter). The pipeline, starts from the new natural gas discoveries in the East Mediterranean region and comprises the following sections:
- 200 km offshore pipeline stretching from Eastern Mediterranean sources to Cyprus;
- 700 km offshore pipeline connecting Cyprus to Crete Island;
- 400 km offshore pipeline from Crete to mainland Greece (Peloponnese);
- 600 km onshore pipeline crossing Peloponnese and West Greece.
The EastMed pipeline is preliminarily designed to have exit points in Cyprus, Crete, mainland Greece as well as the connection point with the Poseidon pipeline.
European support +
In 2015, with the support of the Cypriot, Greek and Italian Governments and as a result of the benefits that the project brings to Europe, the EastMed pipeline has been confirmed as Project of Common Interest (PCI), being included by the EU Commission in the second PCI list among the Southern Gas Corridor projects.
The EastMed project has also been included in the last Ten Years Development Plan (TYNDP), in line with the objective of the European Network Transportation System Operators of Gas (ENTSOG) to create a single European market for gas and a reliable and safe transmission network capable of meeting Europe's current and future needs.
The project has been awarded in 2015 with European grants of 2 million euro through the Connecting Europe Facility (CEF) program necessary for the co-finance of the Pre-FEED activities.
In January 2016, after a Trilateral Summit held in Nicosia, the Prime Ministries of Cyprus, Israel and Greece issued a joint Declaration in which they confirmed the strong support to the EastMed project for the export of Eastern Mediterranean gas to continental Europe.
Development status +
The Pre-FEED studies are currently being finalized by a consortium of major engineering companies(IntecSea and C&M Engineering) and by the global information company IHS. The studies indicate that the project is technically feasible, well within the existing technology state of art, and represents an economically viable export option.